Learn Arabic

Today, Arabic is the national language of 20 countries and is widely understood in all Muslim majority countries. Arabic belongs to the group of languages, which are written from right to left. As almost all of the Western European languages share the Roman script, many Middle Eastern and old Central Asian languages share the Arabic script.

Arabic learning for English speakers is generally considered a hard task, but in reality, the hard part is only the Arabic script learning. Once the student learns how to read Arabic, then it’s like learning any other European language with different grammatical structures and rules.

Two Arabic learning approaches

There are two learning paths for Arabic.
The first starts with the discussion of nouns and simple nominal sentences (sentences without verbs). The second starts with the discussion of verb and verbal sentences.

In this Arabic learning course, we will start with the first option, i.e. discussion of the noun and nominal sentences.

About this website and course

Arabic has different dialects in different regions. This website teaches classical Arabic. Also, known as high Arabic, Quranic Arabic, and Fusshah. The way to the learning of a particular dialect also goes through classic Arabic. First, you would learn classic Arabic and then build a dialect based on classic language.

This course is designed in a way that absolute beginners, who have even never seen the Arabic alphabet, can start and take it to an advanced level of Arabic grammar, without the need of a physical instructor. The course is of course designed in step-by-step progress. The first eight lessons emphasize learning to read Arabic, which is the most critical phase for most English speakers. It is highly recommended not to jump or skip a lesson, even it feels a bit difficult. Every next lesson is based on the previous progress. Please take your time, 1 day, 2 days, or even more on a lesson, and only proceed to the next when you have completely understood the current one.

Writing practice is most important and helps a lot in remembering things on long terms basis. It is also recommended to write on separate paper rather than typing with the keyboard, although text input boxes are given in some lessons.

Topics included in this website are:

Section 1
Learn to Read Arabic

This section starts from the Arabic alphabet and addresses all of the important rules, required for reading Arabic.

Arabic Alphabet

  1. Arabic script writing
  2. Arabic letters

Arabic Connecting Letters

  1. What is a word segment?
  2. Arabic non-connecting letters
  3. Joining Arabic letters chart
  4. Exercise 1
  5. Exercise 2

Arabic Vowels

  1. Arabic short vowels
  2. Arabic vowels and consonants
  3. Learn to read Arabic
  4. Arabic reading exercise

Arabic Long Vowels

  1. What are Arabic long vowels?
  2. Arabic long vowels chart
  3. Exercise


  1. What is sukoon in Arabic?
  2. Examples of Arabic Sukoon symbol
  3. Arabic diphthongs
  4. Comparison between long vowels and diphthongs
  5. Exercise


  1. Tanween in Arabic
  2. Tanween rules
  3. Ta marboota
  4. Tanween examples


  1. Shadda in Arabic
  2. Shadda rules
  3. Shadda examples
  4. Reading practice

Hamza in Arabic

  1. Different forms of Hamza
  2. Hamza with alif
  3. Difference between hamza and alif
  4. Hamza with wow ؤ
  5. Hamza with ya ئ
  6. Hamza without kursi

Summary of Arabic reading rules

This page summarizes all Arabic reading rules that we learned in previous lessons.

Section 2
Basic Arabic Grammar

The basic Arabic grammar section includes elementary rules required to construct compounds (sentences and phrases). At the end of this section, we will be able to make simple nominal sentences.

Map of basic Arabic grammar

  1. Arabic parts of speech
  2. Arabic phrases and sentences

Noun in Arabic grammar

  1. Classification of Arabic noun
  2. Characteristics of Arabic noun

Gender in Arabic

  1. Introduction to gender in Arabic
  2. Characteristics of Arabic feminine nouns
  3. Arabic gender chart
  4. Masculine nouns with ة
  5. Nouns with common gender
  6. Feminine gender formation from masculine
  7. Vocabulary building
  8. Exercise

Dual in Arabic Grammar

  1. What are dual nouns in Arabic?
  2. How to make Arabic dual nouns?
  3. Examples of dual formation
  4. Examples of dual nouns in Arabic

Plural nouns in Arabic

  1. Types of plural nouns in Arabic
  2. Sound plural in Arabic
  3. Broken Plural in Arabic
  4. Arabic terminologies for plurals
  5. Examples of Arabic sound masculine plurals
  6. Examples of Arabic sound feminine plurals
  7. Arabic broken plurals list

Arabic Grammatical Cases

  1. What are grammatical case?
  2. How many cases does Arabic have?
  3. How to recognize the grammatical case in Arabic?
  4. Grammar cases of Arabic duals
  5. Grammar cases of Arabic plurals
  6. Summary of the lesson
  7. Arabic cases chart
  8. Arabic cases chart with examples
  9. Exercise

Arabic Definite Article

  1. Definite article اَلْ
  2. Arabic definite article rules
  3. Exercise
  4. Hamza tul wasl همزة الوصل
  5. Rules of Hamza wasl

Arabic word patterns

  1. What are Arabic word patterns?
  2. Exercise
  3. Arabic root words

Arabic Indeclinable Nouns

  1. What is an indeclinable noun?
  2. Types of the declinable noun (مُعْرَبٌ)
  3. Which nouns are غير منصرف ?
  4. Exercise


Arabic has two types of sentences:

  1. Nominal sentences are verbless sentences.
  2. Verbal sentences have verbs.

Phrases are simple constructions that help in complex sentence buildings.
Arabic phrases or phrasal constructions have several type, i.e.

  1. Adjectival phrases,
  2. Possessive phrases,
  3. Prepositional phrases,
  4. Conjugational phrases, and
  5. Demonstrative phrases.